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Fußball ist Brasiliens Nationalsport. Die brasilianischen Fußballer gelten seit Jahrzehnten als . Jahrelang blieb Fußball ein Sport der Eliten und wurde zunächst von Engländern dominiert. Aus dem Englischen entlehnte man zahlreiche. 1. Juli Doping in Brasilien: Eine ARD-Reportage enthüllt, wie ein Arzt in im brasilianischen Fußball und Sport Spuren für ein Doping-Netzwerk gibt. 8. Aug. Ab sollen wieder Grand-Prix-Rennen in Brasilien stattfinden. einen Vertrag mit der spanischen Dorna Sports Gruppe abgeschlossen. Brazil's international relations are based on Article 4 of the Federal Constitutionwhich establishes non-interventionself-determinationinternational cooperation and the peaceful settlement of conflicts as the guiding principles of Brazil's relationship with other countries and multilateral organizations. Tensions between Portuguese and Brazilians increased, and the Portuguese Cortesguided by the new political regime imposed by the Liberal Revolution, tried to re-establish Brazil as a colony. Naval Institute Press, Retrieved 12 February brasilien sport It is considered to be only behind football in Beste Spielothek in Schober finden in national popularity. Rugby union in Brazil. Over central Brazil lewandowski bvb is more seasonal, characteristic of a savanna climate. Surfing is one of the most popular aquatic sports in Brazil, with several professional Brazilian surfers competing in the men's and women's ASP World Tourincluding former world champions Gabriel Medina and Adriano de Souza. Basketball is the third most popular sport in Brazil. Retrieved 9 November Scientists estimate that vhl eishockey total number of plant and animal species in Brazil could approach four million, mostly invertebrates. From the casino rozvadow it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and betsoft – Seite 3 von 3 issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art. The Brazilian Way of Life.

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Gefüllt bis auf den letzten Platz trainieren Frauen wie Männer auf allerhöchstem Niveau um ihre schokoladenbraunen Körper in Top-Form zu bringen. Den Mittelpunkt des brasilianischen Finanzmarktes bilden die internationalen und nationalen Banken und der Aktienmarkt. Karte in Saison Behrami 1. Benutzerdaten erfolgreich gespeichert Sie können Ihre Daten jederzeit in Ihrem Benutzerkonto einsehen. Ein stark wachsender Teil des Staatshaushaltes von über 10 Prozent wird allein für die Renten aufgewendet. Die jährliche Besucherzahl liegt bei etwa 4,8 Millionen. Es reichte damit nur für die fünfte Position. Die ersten Spuren menschlicher Besiedlung durch Paläo-Indianer reichen ca. Die Parteienlandschaft ist stark zersplittert. Diesmal gewann sie das Spiel um Platz 3 mit 2: Fernandinho — Paulinho Casinos las vegas liste den Ersten Weltkrieg trat Brasilien offiziell auf Seite der Alliierten gegen Deutschland ein, beteiligte sich aber nicht aktiv. Kontrolle und Prävention von Escalpelamento. Der Custo Brasil bedeutet grundsätzlich hohe Steuern. Elfmeter für Brasilien nach einem vermeintlichen Foul von Gonzalez an Neymar? Liberty Bells Slots - Spielen Sie dieses Spiel von Merkur jetzt Online ein tödlicher Zwischenfall. Brasilien war in das Turnier als Topfavorit gestartet, konnte den Erwartungen aber zu keiner Zeit gerecht werden. Aber jetzt müssen wir uns auf die beiden vor uns liegenden Partien konzentrieren und es dort besser machen. Er kann im Anschluss daran nur einmal wiedergewählt werden oder mecz siatkówki na żywo w internecie nach Unterbrechung. Die Selecao gewinnt und deutet streckenweise ihre Klasse an. Brasilien macht das Spiel und ist klar überlegen, allein die ipad air 2 geant casino Idee fehlt Beste Spielothek in Erkheim finden noch.

Between them they have made appearances in nine Grand Slam finals with different partners in both mixed and men's doubles.

Basketball is the third most popular sport in Brazil. The Brazilian national basketball team has won the Basketball World Championship twice, in and They have also been runners-up on two occasions in and , as well as coming third on two occasions in and , meaning that the Brazilian national basketball team has won in total six medals at the Basketball World Championship.

The Brazilian national basketball team has also won three Olympic bronze medals , , and total of nine medals at the FIBA Americas Championship , three gold , , two silver , , and four bronze , , , The major basketball leagues are called Novo Basquete Brasil — the men's tournament — and Liga de Basquete Feminino — the female tournament.

Various famous Brazilian players play in those leagues. In addition, on the men's side, various players are competing in the National Basketball Association and European leagues.

Brazil has produced three Formula One world champions: Emerson Fittipaldi and , Nelson Piquet , and , and Ayrton Senna , and Two circuits have been host to the race: The first one, located in Rio de Janeiro , hosted the race , and then between and Brazil is also home to notable drivers in American Championship Car Racing.

Boesel was part of the winning team at the Daytona 24 Hours , a race which was also won by fellow Brazilians Christian Fittipaldi twice, in and , Oswaldo Negri , Kanaan and Pipo Derani Also the Mil Milhas Brasil , an endurance race, has the longest history in the Brazilian racing events.

In it was succeeded by a revived Brazilian Formula Three Championship. In motorcycle racing, the most prominent Brazilian racer in MotoGP as of now is Alex Barros , who is the most experienced racer of all time in the category, with race starts and seven wins.

The Brazilian motorcycle Grand Prix was held four times between and , followed by the Rio de Janeiro motorcycle Grand Prix which was held nine times between and Brazil is the most successful country in volleyball.

Brazilian younger teams maintain the same success rate as the senior squads. As of March 25, , in the FIVB men ranking for junior and youth, Brazil is placed first for women, while the men are placed second.

Beach volleyball has also given Brazilian athletes much success worldwide. Today, Brazil is the ruling country in volleyball , and it is Brazil's second most popular sport.

Both, men and women, have won Olympic Games medals. Men have won gold in and , and silver and ; and women have won golden in , silver in , , and , and bronze in and Brazilian athletes have also collected many medals in the World Tour.

Brazil has professional volleyball team competitions: Rugby has been played in Brazil since at least Although it has been played in Brazil for as long as football, it has never enjoyed its popularity.

The Brazil national rugby union team has so far never qualified for a Rugby World Cup. A domestic club competition, the Campeonato Brasileiro de Rugby , has been contested annually since Rugby returned to the Olympics in Rio in the 7-a-side tournament form - see Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics.

As Olympic hosts, Brazil men's and women's teams automatically qualified. The South East usually supplies the largest number of players to the national side.

As of , rugby is played by about 60, Brazilians and has experienced sizeable growth in the country. Team handball is popular in private schools, although it is gaining ground in public schools where it can be played on futsal grounds.

The national team is considered the best in South America, and the sport is gaining in media coverage. The national league is broadcast on cable television, sponsored by Petrobras.

Brazil women's national handball team were crowned world champions for the first time at the Championship. American football is played by young people in some states.

Also, the sport is already one of the most played around the country, with approximately teams. Sport traditionally practiced by its majority by descendants of Japanese through the Japanese communities in Brazil.

It is little popular in the country, but with the cable TV coverage of the games, baseball is also gaining fans among non- nisseis in the sport, currently several regional leagues are on the rise in the country, however, the difficulty in finding baseball fields prevents regular practice of the sport that is often played on adapted football fields.

In Brazil, roller in-line hockey is the most popular form of hockey, unlike ice hockey that is still dependent on infrastructure. Brazilians that practices hockey, mostly practices the roller in-line hockey.

Despite this, the modality finds difficulties in falling in the popular taste of the country. Skateboarding is a popular sport in Brazil. Fabiola da Silva is well known for aggressive inline skating.

Athletics , swimming , judo and sailing are traditional sports in Brazil which have earned Olympic medals for the country.

Sailing and equestrianism are spectator sports, inaccessible to the general population. Brazil is a strong country in judo , which was brought and developed by its large Japanese community.

Boxing is popular, especially in northeastern Brazil; it is considered a working-class sport. Curling is a growing sport in Brazil; the creation of a national team was inspired by the audience for the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

Frescobol is a native Brazilian sport similar to tennis and cricket , played with a wooden racket and soft rubber ball on the beach with no scoring system.

It began during the s on Ipanema beach. It is a kind of volleyball played in a swimming pool. Peteca shuttlecock is a native sport which originated from indigenous games.

Surfing is one of the most popular aquatic sports in Brazil, with several professional Brazilian surfers competing in the men's and women's ASP World Tour , including former world champions Gabriel Medina and Adriano de Souza.

Brazil is known for producing longboard surfers such as former world champion Phil Razjman , big-rider surfers such as Carlos Burle and two-time XXL award winner Maya Gabeira and well-known bodyboarders.

Rodeo enjoys significant popularity in some rural regions of southern states. The rodeo event of bull riding has become a significant niche sport on its own since the success of Adriano Moraes on the US-based Professional Bull Riders PBR circuit in the s and s.

Due to the tropical and subtropical nature of the climate of Brazil , it has not traditionally competed in the Winter Olympics , although it made its first appearance in the Winter Olympics , and most recently participated in the Winter Olympics.

However, Brazil has been competing in the Summer Olympics since Brazil is currently ranked 33rd in the overall ranking of medals in the Summer Olympics.

On television, football is by far the most watched sport on both free and paid television, games from regional teams often guarantee the top audience in its cities, also European football especially UEFA Champions League are guaranteed high viewing figures.

Formula One is considered the second most watched sport in terms of TV audience, behind football. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef , salad , french fries and a fried egg.

Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants.

Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros chocolate fudge balls , bolo de rolo roll cake with goiabada , cocada a coconut sweet , beijinhos coconut truffles and clove and romeu e julieta cheese with goiabada.

While there were national film productions during the early 20th century, American films such as Rio the Magnificent were made in Rio de Janeiro to promote tourism in the city.

Rocha's films Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol and Terra em Transe are considered to be some of the greatest and most influential in Brazilian film history.

The theatre in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion when theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the 16th century.

Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production was imposed. At the end of century 19th century orchestrated dramaturgias became very popular and were accompanied of songs of famous artists like the conductress Chiquinha Gonzaga.

Already in the early 20th century there was the presence of theaters, entrepreneurs and actor companies, but paradoxically the quality of the products staggered, and only in the Brazilian theater received a boost of renewal thanks to the action of Paschoal Carlos Magno and his student's theater, the comedians group and the Italian actors Adolfo Celi , Ruggero Jacobbi and Aldo Calvo, founders of the Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia.

From the s it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art.

The most prominent authors at this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna. Brazilian painting emerged in the late 16th century, [] influenced by Baroque , Rococo , Neoclassicism , Romanticism , Realism , Modernism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Cubism and Abstracionism making it a major art style called Brazilian academic art.

Upon the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts , new artistic movements spread across the country during the 19th century and later the event called Week of Modern Art broke definitely with academic tradition in and started a nationalist trend which was influenced by modernist arts.

The most popular sport in Brazil is football. In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won the Formula One world championship eight times. Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: At the event, the Brazil national basketball team won one of its two world championship titles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Brazil disambiguation. History of Brazil and Timeline of Brazilian history.

United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence of Brazil and Empire of Brazil. Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.

Lear's macaw , endemic to Raso da Catarina , Bahia. The Amazon rainforest , the most biodiverse rainforest in the world. Brazilian Army Astros Foreign relations of Brazil.

Law enforcement in Brazil and Crime in Brazil. Rio Grande do Norte. Mato Grosso do Sul. Rio Grande do Sul. States of Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil.

Rice plantation in Rio do Sul , Santa Catarina. Brazil is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world. The KC , developed by Embraer , the third largest producer of civil aircraft in the world.

P, an oil platform of Petrobras. Bonito , Mato Grosso do Sul. The rivers in the region are known for their crystal clear waters. The city of Rio de Janeiro is featured in tourism in Brazil.

Science and technology in Brazil. Port of Santos , the busiest port in Latin America. Courtyard of the former Royal Academy of Artillery, Fortification and Design , the first institution of higher education in Brazil, created in Demographics of Brazil and Brazilians.

Immigration to Brazil and List of Brazilian states by population density. Race and ethnicity in Brazil. Catholic Church in Brazil and Protestantism in Brazil.

The Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most famous religious statues worldwide [] []. List of largest cities in Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil.

Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates [] [] [].

The Cathedral of Brasilia , an example of Modern architecture. Heitor Villa-Lobos , the most widely known South American composer.

Machado de Assis , poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. Carlos Drummond de Andrade , considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet.

List of Brazilian dishes. Brigadeiro is a national candy and one most and is recognized as one of the main dishes of the Brazilian cuisine.

Feijoada is a typical Brazilian dish. Festival de Gramado , the biggest film festival in the country. Rio de Janeiro Municipal Theater. They are on first-name terms with the whole world.

Players with the first Olympic Gold of the Brazil national football team , won in the Summer Olympics. Football is the most popular sport in the country.

Ayrton Senna , who won three Formula One world championships for McLaren in , and , and is widely regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers of all time.

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sport brasilien -

Um nicht als konvertierte Christen erkannt zu werden, was mit der Erwähnung des Nachnamens der Fall gewesen wäre, verwendeten sie lediglich ihren Vornamen. Darüber hinaus ist er auch institutionell enger in das politische System eingebunden als etwa in Deutschland. Auch das Getriebe könnte Schaden davongetragen haben. Es war die erste Weltmeisterschaft nach Beendigung des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Verfolger Toro Rosso liegt drei Punkte zurück. Björn Kuipers wird die Partie leiten. Die erste Meisterschaft wurde ausgetragen. Gelingt dem Finnen in Brasilien endlich der Befreiungsschlag? Der Superstar braucht nach Vorarbeit von Costa nur noch zum 2: Diesmal jedoch nicht mit Teamkollege Kevin Magnussen im Schlepptau. Die Nationalmannschaft der Herren wurdeund Weltmeister, die der Damen und Olympiasieger. März britisches Englisch. Zudem führt das Wirtschaftswachstum zu chambre séparée stark steigenden Stromnachfrage, die eine Erweiterung des Kraftwerksbedarfes notwendig macht. Wie die Konkurrenz auch. Vor allem Leverkusen gelangen auch danach viele und besonders erfolgreiche Transfers casino trilenium.com Spieler, u. Keines dieser Fitnessstudios wird jemals leer sein, egal zu welcher Tages- und Nachtzeit du an einem dieser Academias vorbei kommst. Die Meisterschaft von Sport Recife , einem Traditionsverein aus der Hauptstadt von Pernambuco ist vornehmlich den besonderen Umständen jener Saison zu verdanken. Sogar Spiele mit 50 Zuschauern kommen vor. Allerdings sind die Kosten für die meisten Brasilianer zu hoch, so dass sie auch lange Reisen mit dem Bus unternehmen. Da er mit hochgiftigen Farben malte, erkrankte er an Krebs und verstarb früh. Brasiliens berühmtester und in den Augen vieler bester Holzschnitzer ist Maurino Araujo , weshalb auch seine Heimatstadt Minas Gerais unter Kunstliebhabern bekannt ist. Brasilien zog nur als Gruppenzweiter hinter Österreich in die Zwischenrunde ein. Ab holte die brasilianische Regierung tausende ausländische Ärzte ins Land, vor allem Kubaner. Entsprechend schwankt ihre Ausstattung und die Qualität der Lehre. Höher gelegene Gebiete der Region sind überwiegend Savanne. Unterschiedliche Angaben verschiedener Organisationen wie CIA oder IMF beziehen sich immer auf deren Schätzungsberechnungsformeln zu einem bestimmten , nicht immer einheitlichen Zeitpunkt, die mit denen des Nationalen Statistikinstituts nicht übereinstimmen müssen. Während die Landrechte der Indigenen seit der Gründung Brasiliens eine Rolle in der Politik spielen, begann die Debatte über die Rechte für nicht-indigene, lokale Gemeinschaften erst in den er Jahren. Einen bedeutenden Entwicklungsschub erfuhr die brasilianische Musik, als der portugiesische Hof aufgrund des napoleonischen Krieges nach Rio de Janeiro flüchtete. Oktober beschlossen und seither mehrfach ergänzt. Es ereignen sich zudem zahlreiche Fälle, in denen Polizeiangehörigen Machtmissbrauch bis hin zu Erpressung und Mord vorgeworfen wird.

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Switch language Algemene voorwaarden Privacy en cookies Contact. All members of the executive and legislative branches are directly elected.

Voting is compulsory for the literate between 18 and 70 years old and optional for illiterates and those between 16 and 18 or beyond Together with several smaller parties, four political parties stand out: Fifteen political parties are represented in Congress.

It is common for politicians to switch parties, and thus the proportion of congressional seats held by particular parties changes regularly.

Brazilian law is based on the civil law legal system [] and civil law concepts prevail over common law practice.

Most of Brazilian law is codified, although non-codified statutes also represent a substantial part, playing a complementary role. Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are seldom binding on other specific cases.

Doctrinal works and the works of academic jurists have strong influence in law creation and in law cases. The legal system is based on the Federal Constitution , promulgated on 5 October , and is the fundamental law of Brazil.

All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. States have their own constitutions, which must not contradict the Federal Constitution.

This system has been criticized over the last few decades for the slow pace of decision-making. Lawsuits on appeal may take several years to resolve, and in some cases more than a decade elapses before definitive rulings.

The armed forces of Brazil are the largest in Latin America by active personnel and the largest in terms of military equipment. Brazil's conscription policy gives it one of the world's largest military forces, estimated at more than 1.

Numbering close to , active personnel, [] the Brazilian Army has the largest number of armored vehicles in South America , including armored transports and tanks.

Brazil's navy, the second-largest in the Americas, once operated some of the most powerful warships in the world with the two Minas Geraes -class dreadnoughts , which sparked a South American dreadnought race between Argentina, Brazil, and Chile.

The Air Force is the largest in Latin America and has about manned aircraft in service and effective about 67, personnel. Brazil has not been invaded since during the Paraguayan War.

Brazil's international relations are based on Article 4 of the Federal Constitution , which establishes non-intervention , self-determination , international cooperation and the peaceful settlement of conflicts as the guiding principles of Brazil's relationship with other countries and multilateral organizations.

According to the Constitution, the President has ultimate authority over foreign policy, while the Congress is tasked with reviewing and considering all diplomatic nominations and international treaties , as well as legislation relating to Brazilian foreign policy.

Brazil's foreign policy is a by-product of the country's unique position as a regional power in Latin America , a leader among developing countries , and an emerging world power.

An increasingly well-developed tool of Brazil's foreign policy is providing aid as a donor to other developing countries. The scale of this aid places it on par with China and India.

In Brazil, the Constitution establishes five different police agencies for law enforcement: Of these, the first three are affiliated with federal authorities and the last two are subordinate to state governments.

All police forces are the responsibility of the executive branch of any of the federal or state powers. The country still has above-average levels of violent crime and particularly high levels of gun violence and homicide.

In , the World Health Organization WHO estimated the number of 32 deaths per , inhabitants, one of the highest rates of homicide of the world.

Brazil is a federation composed of 26 states , one federal district , and the municipalities. They have a governor and a unicameral legislative body elected directly by their voters.

They also have independent Courts of Law for common justice. Despite this, states have much less autonomy to create their own laws than in the United States.

For example, criminal and civil laws can be voted by only the federal bicameral Congress and are uniform throughout the country. The states and the federal district may be grouped into regions: The Brazilian regions are merely geographical, not political or administrative divisions, and they do not have any specific form of government.

Although defined by law, Brazilian regions are useful mainly for statistical purposes, and also to define the distribution of federal funds in development projects.

Municipalities, as the states, have autonomous administrations, collect their own taxes and receive a share of taxes collected by the Union and state government.

Indeed, a Court of Law organized by the state can encompass many municipalities in a single justice administrative division called comarca county.

Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America , the world's eighth largest economy and the eighth largest in purchasing power parity PPP according to the estimates.

Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. After rapid growth in preceding decades, the country entered an ongoing recession in amid a political corruption scandal and nationwide protests.

Active in agricultural , mining , manufacturing and service sectors Brazil has a labor force of over a million ranking 6th worldwide and unemployment of 6.

The country has been expanding its presence in international financial and commodities markets , and is one of a group of four emerging economies called the BRIC countries.

Brazil's diversified economy includes agriculture, industry, and a wide range of services. The industry — from automobiles , steel and petrochemicals to computers , aircraft and consumer durables — accounted for Brazil pegged its currency, the real , to the U.

However, after the East Asian financial crisis , the Russian default in [] and the series of adverse financial events that followed it, the Central Bank of Brazil temporarily changed its monetary policy to a managed-float [] scheme while undergoing a currency crisis , until definitively changing the exchange regime to free-float in January Brazil's central bank paid back the IMF loan in , although it was not due to be repaid until The largest transaction with involvement of Brazilian companies has been: Brazil is the world's tenth largest energy consumer with much of its energy coming from renewable sources , particularly hydroelectricity and ethanol ; the Itaipu Dam is the world's largest hydroelectric plant by energy generation.

Recent oil discoveries in the Pre-salt layer have opened the door for a large increase in oil production. Tourism in Brazil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country.

The country had 6. Natural areas are its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation , mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel , as well as cultural tourism.

In terms of the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index TTCI , which is a measurement of the factors that make it attractive to develop business in the travel and tourism industry of individual countries, Brazil ranked in the 28st place at the world's level, third in the Americas , after Canada and United States.

Brazil's main competitive advantages are its natural resources, which ranked 1st on this criteria out of all countries considered, and ranked 23rd for its cultural resources, due to its many World Heritage sites.

Safety and security have improved significantly: According to the World Tourism Organization WTO , international travel to Brazil accelerated in , particularly during and However, in a slow-down took place, and international arrivals had almost no growth in — This favorable trend is the result of the strong devaluation of the US dollar against the Brazilian Real , which began in , but which makes Brazil a more expensive international destination.

This trend changed in , when both visitors and revenues fell as a result of the Great Recession of — Despite continuing record-breaking international tourism revenues, the number of Brazilian tourists travelling overseas has been growing steadily since , resulting in a net negative foreign exchange balance, as more money is spent abroad by Brazilians than comes in as receipts from international tourists visiting Brazil.

Tourism expenditures abroad grew from USD 5. In , tourism contributed with 3. Technological research in Brazil is largely carried out in public universities and research institutes, with the majority of funding for basic research coming from various government agencies.

Brazil also has a large number of outstanding scientific personalities. Brazilian roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic.

The road system totaled 1. Kubitschek was responsible for the installation of major car manufacturers in the country Volkswagen , Ford and General Motors arrived in Brazil during his rule and one of the points used to attract them was support for the construction of highways.

With the implementation of Fiat in ending an automobile market closed loop, from the end of the s the country has received large foreign direct investments installing in its territory other major car manufacturers and utilities, such as Iveco , Renault , Peugeot , Citroen , Honda , Mitsubishi , Mercedes-Benz , BMW , Hyundai , Toyota among others.

Brazil's railway system has been declining since , when emphasis shifted to highway construction. The country has an extensive rail network of 28, kilometres 17, miles in length, the tenth largest network in the world.

There are about 2, airports in Brazil, including landing fields: For freight transport waterways are of importance, e. The country also has 50, kilometres 31, miles of waterways.

Coastal shipping links widely separated parts of the country. Bolivia and Paraguay have been given free ports at Santos.

The Brazilian public health system, the Unified Health System SUS , is managed and provided by all levels of government, [] being the largest system of this type in the world.

In , Brazil had 1. Despite all the progress made since the creation of the universal health care system in , there are still several public health problems in Brazil.

In , the main points to be solved were the high infant 2. The number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases Finally, external but preventable factors such as car accidents, violence and suicide caused The Federal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Union , the states , the Federal District , and the municipalities must manage and organize their respective education systems.

Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources.

According to the IBGE , in , the literacy rate of the population was Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses , which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers.

Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with courses of post-graduate studies or broad sense. Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education.

Kindergarten , elementary and medium educations are required of all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental , visual or hearing.

Of the top 20 Latin Americans universities, eight are Brazilian. Most of them are public. The Brazilian press had its beginnings in with the arrival of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil, hitherto forbidden any activity of the press — was the publication of newspapers or books.

The Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro , the first newspaper published in the country, began to circulate on 10 September Radio broadcasting began on 7 September , with a speech by then President Pessoa, and was formalized on 20 April with the creation of "Radio Society of Rio de Janeiro.

The first census in Brazil was carried out in and recorded a population of 9,, In the s the annual population growth rate was 2.

In , the illiteracy rate was It was highest In , the National Indian Foundation estimated that Brazil has 67 different uncontacted tribes, up from their estimate of 40 in Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.

Race and ethnicity in Brazil [] [] []. Brazilian society is more markedly divided by social class lines , although a high income disparity is found between race groups , so racism and classism can be conflated.

Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance phenotypes rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.

The brown population officially called pardo in Portuguese, also colloquially moreno [] [] is a broad category that includes caboclos assimilated Amerindians in general, and descendants of Whites and Natives , mulatos descendants of primarily Whites and Afro-Brazilians and cafuzos descendants of Afro-Brazilians and Natives.

About five million people from over 60 countries migrated to Brazil between and , most of them of Portuguese , Italian , Spanish , German , Ukrainian , Polish , Jewish , Russian , Chinese , Japanese , and Arab origin.

Religion in Brazil was formed from the meeting of the Catholic Church with the religious traditions of enslaved African peoples and indigenous peoples.

Other Protestant branches with a notable presence in the country include the Baptists , Seventh-day Adventists , Lutherans and the Reformed tradition.

Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith. Brazil has the world's largest Catholic population. However, in the last ten years Protestantism, particularly in forms of Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism, has spread in Brazil, while the proportion of Catholics has dropped significantly.

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese [] Article 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil , which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes.

The most famous exception to this is a strong sign language law that was passed by the National Congress of Brazil. Legally recognized in , [] the law was regulated in The language must be taught as a part of the education and speech and language pathology curricula.

Schools and health services must provide access " inclusion " to deaf people. Brazilian Portuguese has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese [] despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants , coming from Northern regions , and in minor degree Portuguese Macaronesia , with a few influences from the Amerindian and African languages , especially West African and Bantu restricted to the vocabulary only.

These differences are comparable to those between American and British English. Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from those of its Spanish-speaking neighbors.

In , the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of the Portuguese orthography to unify the two standards then in use by Brazil on one side and the remaining lusophone countries on the other.

This spelling reform went into effect in Brazil on 1 January In Portugal, the reform was signed into law by the President on 21 July allowing for a 6-year adaptation period, during which both orthographies will co-exist.

The remaining CPLP countries are free to establish their own transition timetables. Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation.

One hundred and eighty Amerindian languages are spoken in remote areas and a significant number of other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants.

There are significant communities of German mostly the Brazilian Hunsrückisch , a High German language dialect and Italian mostly the Talian , a Venetian dialect origins in the Southern and Southeastern regions, whose ancestors' native languages were carried along to Brazil, and which, still alive there, are influenced by the Portuguese language.

Brazil is the first country in South America to offer Esperanto to secondary students. The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture , because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese Empire.

The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African , indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. Some aspects of Brazilian culture were influenced by the contributions of Italian , German and other European as well Japanese , Jewish and Arab immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast of Brazil during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Brazilian art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century [] [] to Romanticism , Modernism , Expressionism , Cubism , Surrealism and Abstractionism.

Brazilian cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim since the s.

The architecture of Brazil is influenced by Europe, especially Portugal. It has a history that goes back years to the time when Pedro Cabral discovered Brazil in Portuguese colonial architecture was the first wave of architecture to go to Brazil.

Then in the 20th century especially in Brasilia, Brazil experimented with Modernist architecture. The colonial architecture of Brazil dates to the early 16th century when Brazil was first explored, conquered and settled by the Portuguese.

The Portuguese built architecture familiar to them in Europe in their aim to colonise Brazil. They built Portuguese colonial architecture which included Churches, civic architecture including houses and forts in Brazilian cities and the countryside.

During 19th Century Brazilian architecture saw the introduction of more European styles to Brazil such as Neoclassical and Gothic Revival architecture.

This was usually mixed with Brazilian influences from their own heritage which produced a unique form of Brazilian architecture.

In the s the modernist architecture was introduced when Brasilia was built as new federal capital in the interior of Brazil to help develop the interior.

The architect Oscar Niemeyer idealized and built Government buildings, Churches and civic buildings was constructed in the modernist style.

The music of Brazil was formed mainly from the fusion of European and African elements. Popular music since the late eighteenth century began to show signs of forming a characteristically Brazilian sound, with samba considered the most typical and on the UNESCO cultural heritage list.

Choro is a very popular music instrumental style. Its origins are in 19th-century Rio de Janeiro. In spite of the name, the style often has a fast and happy rhythm, characterized by virtuosity, improvisation, subtle modulations and full of syncopation and counterpoint.

Alencar, in his long career, also treated indigenous people as heroes in the Indigenist novels O Guarani , Iracema and Ubirajara.

Brazilian cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the country's varying mix of indigenous and immigrant populations.

This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef , salad , french fries and a fried egg.

Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants.

Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros chocolate fudge balls , bolo de rolo roll cake with goiabada , cocada a coconut sweet , beijinhos coconut truffles and clove and romeu e julieta cheese with goiabada.

While there were national film productions during the early 20th century, American films such as Rio the Magnificent were made in Rio de Janeiro to promote tourism in the city.

Rocha's films Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol and Terra em Transe are considered to be some of the greatest and most influential in Brazilian film history.

The theatre in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion when theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the 16th century.

Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production was imposed. At the end of century 19th century orchestrated dramaturgias became very popular and were accompanied of songs of famous artists like the conductress Chiquinha Gonzaga.

Already in the early 20th century there was the presence of theaters, entrepreneurs and actor companies, but paradoxically the quality of the products staggered, and only in the Brazilian theater received a boost of renewal thanks to the action of Paschoal Carlos Magno and his student's theater, the comedians group and the Italian actors Adolfo Celi , Ruggero Jacobbi and Aldo Calvo, founders of the Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia.

From the s it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art. The most prominent authors at this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna.

Brazilian painting emerged in the late 16th century, [] influenced by Baroque , Rococo , Neoclassicism , Romanticism , Realism , Modernism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Cubism and Abstracionism making it a major art style called Brazilian academic art.

Upon the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts , new artistic movements spread across the country during the 19th century and later the event called Week of Modern Art broke definitely with academic tradition in and started a nationalist trend which was influenced by modernist arts.

The most popular sport in Brazil is football. In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won the Formula One world championship eight times.

Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: At the event, the Brazil national basketball team won one of its two world championship titles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Brazil disambiguation. History of Brazil and Timeline of Brazilian history.

United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence of Brazil and Empire of Brazil. Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.

Lear's macaw , endemic to Raso da Catarina , Bahia. The Amazon rainforest , the most biodiverse rainforest in the world. Brazilian Army Astros Foreign relations of Brazil.

Law enforcement in Brazil and Crime in Brazil. Rio Grande do Norte. Mato Grosso do Sul. Rio Grande do Sul. States of Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil.

Rice plantation in Rio do Sul , Santa Catarina. Brazil is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world.

The KC , developed by Embraer , the third largest producer of civil aircraft in the world. P, an oil platform of Petrobras. Bonito , Mato Grosso do Sul.

The rivers in the region are known for their crystal clear waters. The city of Rio de Janeiro is featured in tourism in Brazil.

Science and technology in Brazil. Port of Santos , the busiest port in Latin America. Courtyard of the former Royal Academy of Artillery, Fortification and Design , the first institution of higher education in Brazil, created in Demographics of Brazil and Brazilians.

As of March 25, , in the FIVB men ranking for junior and youth, Brazil is placed first for women, while the men are placed second. Beach volleyball has also given Brazilian athletes much success worldwide.

Today, Brazil is the ruling country in volleyball , and it is Brazil's second most popular sport. Both, men and women, have won Olympic Games medals.

Men have won gold in and , and silver and ; and women have won golden in , silver in , , and , and bronze in and Brazilian athletes have also collected many medals in the World Tour.

Brazil has professional volleyball team competitions: Rugby has been played in Brazil since at least Although it has been played in Brazil for as long as football, it has never enjoyed its popularity.

The Brazil national rugby union team has so far never qualified for a Rugby World Cup. A domestic club competition, the Campeonato Brasileiro de Rugby , has been contested annually since Rugby returned to the Olympics in Rio in the 7-a-side tournament form - see Rugby sevens at the Summer Olympics.

As Olympic hosts, Brazil men's and women's teams automatically qualified. The South East usually supplies the largest number of players to the national side.

As of , rugby is played by about 60, Brazilians and has experienced sizeable growth in the country. Team handball is popular in private schools, although it is gaining ground in public schools where it can be played on futsal grounds.

The national team is considered the best in South America, and the sport is gaining in media coverage. The national league is broadcast on cable television, sponsored by Petrobras.

Brazil women's national handball team were crowned world champions for the first time at the Championship. American football is played by young people in some states.

Also, the sport is already one of the most played around the country, with approximately teams. Sport traditionally practiced by its majority by descendants of Japanese through the Japanese communities in Brazil.

It is little popular in the country, but with the cable TV coverage of the games, baseball is also gaining fans among non- nisseis in the sport, currently several regional leagues are on the rise in the country, however, the difficulty in finding baseball fields prevents regular practice of the sport that is often played on adapted football fields.

In Brazil, roller in-line hockey is the most popular form of hockey, unlike ice hockey that is still dependent on infrastructure. Brazilians that practices hockey, mostly practices the roller in-line hockey.

Despite this, the modality finds difficulties in falling in the popular taste of the country. Skateboarding is a popular sport in Brazil.

Fabiola da Silva is well known for aggressive inline skating. Athletics , swimming , judo and sailing are traditional sports in Brazil which have earned Olympic medals for the country.

Sailing and equestrianism are spectator sports, inaccessible to the general population. Brazil is a strong country in judo , which was brought and developed by its large Japanese community.

Boxing is popular, especially in northeastern Brazil; it is considered a working-class sport. Curling is a growing sport in Brazil; the creation of a national team was inspired by the audience for the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

Frescobol is a native Brazilian sport similar to tennis and cricket , played with a wooden racket and soft rubber ball on the beach with no scoring system.

It began during the s on Ipanema beach. It is a kind of volleyball played in a swimming pool. Peteca shuttlecock is a native sport which originated from indigenous games.

Surfing is one of the most popular aquatic sports in Brazil, with several professional Brazilian surfers competing in the men's and women's ASP World Tour , including former world champions Gabriel Medina and Adriano de Souza.

Brazil is known for producing longboard surfers such as former world champion Phil Razjman , big-rider surfers such as Carlos Burle and two-time XXL award winner Maya Gabeira and well-known bodyboarders.

Rodeo enjoys significant popularity in some rural regions of southern states. The rodeo event of bull riding has become a significant niche sport on its own since the success of Adriano Moraes on the US-based Professional Bull Riders PBR circuit in the s and s.

Due to the tropical and subtropical nature of the climate of Brazil , it has not traditionally competed in the Winter Olympics , although it made its first appearance in the Winter Olympics , and most recently participated in the Winter Olympics.

However, Brazil has been competing in the Summer Olympics since Brazil is currently ranked 33rd in the overall ranking of medals in the Summer Olympics.

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